The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) defines COPD as airflow limitation that is not fully reversible, usually is progressive, and is associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to inhaled noxious particles or gases.
The primary cause of COPD is cigarette smoking or exposure to tobacco smoke. It is estimated that 90% of the risk for development of COPD is related to tobacco smoke


The major triggers are
1. Viral Infections
2. Bacterial Infections
3. Environmental Pollutants


The bodies immune response to the trigger causes inflammation (irritation and swelling) of the airways leading to heat production


The inflammation if left unchecked leads to obstruction of the airways through narrowing and muscle tightening and the build up of mucus


This narrowing will lead to symptoms such as
- Coughing
- Difficulty breathing
- Chronic Sputum Production

The major goals of the comprehensive
treatment of COPD are as follows

Acute exacerbation of COPD is one of the major reasons for hospital admission in the United States. Knowing the signs and symptoms of an exacerbation and getting help early, are the very best ways to limit it from becoming very severe. Exacerbations can be very serious and can cause death. Getting help early is therefore very important.

The high healthcare costs associated with exacerbations has led to a need for early recognition, diagnosis and treatment of exacerbations and, especially, identification of the patient at risk from frequent exacerbations.

Lessen airflow limitation

Symptom control through regular and correct usage of medications

Lessen Complication

Prevent and treat secondary medical complications (for example, hypoxemia, infection)


Decrease respiratory symptoms and improve quality of life

What can I do if I have COPD ?

Medication is most often taking bronchodilators (to reduce muscle spasm), inhaled cortico-steroids to reduce inflammation and anti-biotics. It is also recommended that you stop smoking and get vaccinated for seasonal flus

X-halo can help

X-halo gives you an early warning at Stage 2, before the obstruction starts.
We can help you manage your Asthma, let us do it together.